In House SOC VS. MSSP: Which is the right option for your business?

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Have you ever considered the safety of your online presence? Are you confident in safeguarding your digital assets, or do you feel vulnerable in the vast cyber realm?

With global cybercrime costs predicted to rise significantly in the coming years, the stakes have never been higher. Cybersecurity Ventures forecasts that international cybercrime costs will increase by 15% per year over the next three years, resulting in a worldwide cost of USD 8 trillion in 2023 and USD 10.5 trillion annually by 2025, up from USD 3 trillion in 2015. This is a stark reminder that even in the virtual world, cyber threats have tangible consequences.

As a business owner or IT professional, you should be aware and alert of the growing importance of cybersecurity in today’s digital landscape. Protecting your organisation from cyber threats has become an utmost priority, and you may be exploring various options to enhance your security posture.

In this article, we explore the two prominent approaches to bolstering cybersecurity: establishing an in-house Security Operations Center (SOC) and outsourcing security needs to a Managed Security Service Provider (MSSP).


In-house SOC vs. MSSP

Security Operations Centers (SOCs) and Managed Security Service Providers (MSSPs) are both important in cybersecurity, but they differ in their structure, focus, and how they deliver services. Here’s how they are different:


Ownership and Structure:

SOC: SOCs are typically internal departments or teams within an organisation. They are owned and operated by the organisation itself. SOCs consist of in-house cybersecurity professionals who are dedicated to safeguarding the organisation’s digital assets.

MSSP: MSSPs are external entities, often third-party service providers. They are separate organisations hired by businesses to provide cybersecurity services. MSSPs have teams of cybersecurity experts who work remotely to monitor, manage, and enhance their clients’ security.


Ownership of Infrastructure:

SOC: An internal SOC uses the organisation’s infrastructure and tools. It relies on the organisation’s existing network, security appliances, and software solutions.

MSSP: MSSPs typically use their infrastructure and security tools hosted off-site in their data centres. They provide services to multiple clients using their resources.


Scope of Services:

SOC: An in-house SOC focuses exclusively on the organisation’s security needs. Its services are tailored to the organisation’s specific requirements and often include monitoring, incident response, and vulnerability management.

MSSP: MSSPs offer a range of cybersecurity services to multiple clients. These services include security monitoring, threat detection, incident response, vulnerability assessments, compliance management, and more. They provide a broader spectrum of offerings to cater to various clients’ needs.



SOC: Internal SOCs benefit from a deep understanding of the organisation’s systems, data, and unique security challenges. They may have a high context and knowledge specific to the organisation.

MSSP: MSSPs specialise in cybersecurity and often have a broader range of expertise across different industries and technologies. They stay up-to-date with the latest threat trends and security best practices.



SOC: Organisations have direct control over their SOC operations, including security policies, procedures, and decision-making. They can customise security measures to align with their specific needs.

MSSP: When using an MSSP, organisations cede some control to the service provider. While customisation is possible, it may be within the MSSP’s established procedures and protocols.


Cost and Resources:

SOC: Establishing and maintaining a SOC can be expensive. It requires investments in hiring and training cybersecurity professionals, purchasing and maintaining security technologies, and ongoing operational costs.

MSSP: MSSPs can be cost-effective for organisations, particularly small businesses, because they share the costs of cybersecurity expertise, infrastructure, and tools across multiple clients. They offer competitive pricing models based on service tiers and scale.



SOC: Scaling an in-house SOC may require additional hiring and investment in infrastructure, which can be complex and costly.

MSSP: MSSPs are often more adaptable and scalable, readily adjusting their services to accommodate changes in their clients’ security needs without major internal adjustments.


Choosing the Right Option For Your Business

Choosing between an in-house SOC and an MSSP requires careful consideration of your organisation’s specific needs, resources, and long-term strategic goals. There is no universal answer, so your decision should align with your unique needs and circumstances.

Here are some factors you should consider while choosing the right option for your business.

Budget: You should assess your financial resources and evaluate whether you can afford an in-house SOC’s initial setup costs and ongoing expenses. If budget constraints are a concern, an MSSP may be a more cost-effective option, as building an in-house cybersecurity operations centre can take time and money.

Control Requirements: You should consider the level of control you require over your security operations. An in-house SOC may offer more customisation and control if your organisation has unique security needs or regulatory compliance obligations.

Expertise: You should evaluate your ability to recruit and retain cybersecurity professionals. If your organisation struggles to attract top-tier talent or if you need access to specialised expertise, an MSSP can provide a viable solution.

Scalability: You should consider your organisation’s growth course and how your security needs may change over time. If you anticipate rapid growth or fluctuations in security demands, an MSSP’s scalability may be advantageous.

Adaptability: You should consider your organisation’s ability to stay up-to-date with the evolving threat landscape and cybersecurity technologies. If you lack the resources or time to invest in continuous training and technology updates, an MSSP’s expertise in this area can be beneficial.


What is a Security Operations Center?

Security Operations Center (SOC) is an internal team or department within your organisation responsible for monitoring, detecting, and responding to security incidents. They leverage various security tools, such as SIEM solutions and firewalls, to maintain a proactive stance against cyber threats.

The SOC team comprises skilled cybersecurity professionals using various security tools and technologies to protect the organisation’s digital assets against malware attacks.


Advantages of In-House SOC

Direct Control: One of the most significant advantages of a SOC is the level of control it provides. Organisations have direct oversight over their security operations, allowing them to customise security policies, procedures, and tools to meet their unique needs. This control is crucial for industries with strict regulatory requirements or highly specialised security concerns.

Immediate Response: By building a SOC, businesses can respond swiftly to security incidents and emerging threats. Since they are on-site or closely integrated with the organisation, they can initiate incident response procedures without delays, reducing potential damages and downtime.

Sensitive Data Protection: Businesses handling highly sensitive or classified data may prefer to keep security operations in-house to maintain strict confidentiality and control over access to critical information.

In-Depth Understanding: The SOC personnel develop an in-depth understanding of the organisation’s security infrastructures. This knowledge enables them to tailor security measures to address specific vulnerabilities and risks unique to the business.

Long-Term Strategy: A SOC can align more closely with an organisation’s long-term strategic goals and security vision. This ensures that security efforts are integrated into the organisation’s overall strategy.

However, it’s important to understand that having your own in-house security team (SOC) comes with some difficulties. SOC demands can be quite expensive because you have to spend a lot of money on hiring and training cybersecurity experts and buying the technology they need to do their jobs.


What is a Managed Security Service Provider?

MSSPs, also known as Managed Security Service Providers, on the other hand, are external service providers that offer managed security services to businesses. They provide security services like 24/7 monitoring, threat detection, incident response service, etc. By outsourcing your cybersecurity needs, you can leverage the expertise, comprehensive security tools, and infrastructure of the MSSP to ensure comprehensive protection for your business.


Advantages of an MSSP

Cost-Efficiency: MSSPs can be cost-effective because they spread the expenses of cybersecurity expertise, infrastructure, and tools across multiple clients.

Access to Expertise: MSSPs specialise in cybersecurity and employ security personnel like security analysts and experts who stay up-to-date with the latest threats and best practices. By partnering with an MSSP, organisations gain access to a wide range of security expertise.

24/7 Monitoring: Outsourcing to an MSSP provides round-the-clock security monitoring, which ensures the detection and response to potential threats even during non-business hours and holidays.

Global Reach: MSSPs can provide services to organisations regardless of their geographic location, making them suitable for businesses with multiple locations or international operations.

Focus on Core Business: Outsourcing security to an MSSP allows organisations to concentrate on their core business objectives without diverting significant resources toward security management.

However, it’s important to carefully consider the costs associated with outsourcing to an MSSP. While it can be cost-effective, there is a cost involved in contracting their services. This cost can vary depending on the level of security services you require.



As cyber threats continue to evolve, staying ahead of the curve in terms of cybersecurity is essential. Whether you choose to build an in-house SOC or entrust your security to an MSSP, the key takeaway is that safeguarding your digital assets is not a choice—it’s a necessity. Evaluate your options carefully, and take proactive steps to protect your organisation from the ever-present dangers in the cyber realm.

At Binary IT, we understand the importance of safeguarding your digital assets in today’s ever-changing cyber landscape. Whether you’re considering going with an in-house SOC or want to outsource to an MSSP, we are here to help you navigate the world of cybersecurity. Contact us today to discuss your cybersecurity requirements.

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